Crime and safety
In 2016 there was an overall decrease in crimes compared to the previous year, mainly due to measures to decriminalize some minor crimes, such as insults; these have affected the number of reports as from January 2016.
Intentional homicides were 0.66 per 100,000 inhabitants; 37.3% of victims were women. The most evident gender difference reflected in the victim/offender relation: for female victims, the killer was to be found almost exclusively within the family (in 73.2% of cases, women were killed by their partner, former partner or another relative), while for men this was true in only 15.9% of cases. There was also a decrease in attempted murders, thefts and robberies.
In 2017, the share of households declaring a perception of crime risk in their area sharply dropped.
In 2015, criminal proceedings were initiated against 928.8 persons per 100,000 inhabitants. The most frequent serious crimes reported for which criminal proceedings were initiated against people aged 18 and over were theft and culpable injuries. From 2006 to 2015 the number of charges for illegal immigration decreased.
The rate of charges for persecutory actions (stalking), steadily increasing from 2009 to 2014, showed signs of decline for the first time: people aged 18 and over reported for this type of crime decreased from 10.6 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2014 to 10.2 in 2015.
In 2016, after two years of contraction, prison population increased again, and the rate of prison crowding started began to rise slightly.