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Health

An overview

 

In 2017 public current expenditure for health in Italy accounted for about 113 billion Euros (1,866 euros per inhabitant), i.e. 6.5% to national Gdp.

In 2016 Italian household contributed with their own resources to the total health expenditure for a share of 24.2%, a decrease of a percentage point to 2001, but almost 3 percentage points more to the minimum level of 2010. Health expenditure for households was 2.1% of Gdp.

 

Hospital supply reduced also due to the decreased resources and the promotion of an integrated network model of hospital and community welfare services, (in 2002 ordinary bed places were 4.4 out of 1,000 inhabitants, from 2014 onwards they have been 3.2). Neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system are the diseases for which an hospital admission is more often required: in 2017 about 1,856 discharges  for diseases of the circulatory system were recorded per 100 thousand inhabitants and 1,102 for neoplasms per 100 thousand inhabitants. 



Mortality for neoplasms that was constantly diminishing at national level thanks to primary prevention activities and diagnostic and therapeutic advances. After the increase observed in 2015, mortality for diseases of the circulatory system, typical of adult and old ages and cause of the majority of deaths, decreased againin 2016.  The decrease of the infant mortality rate, an indicator of the development degree and wellness of a country, stayed at a value among the lowest of Europe.

In 2017 among the people aged 14 and over the percentage of smokers was 19.7%, that of alcohol consumers at risk  was 16.3%, while the incidence of obese people was 10.5% of the adult population aged 18 and over.