The energy sector plays a decisive role in a nation's sustainable economic development, both with regard to the availability of some of the earths's finite resources and to environmental impact.
In 2017 there was an increase of both energy consumption and of total gross electricity generation for the third year in a row. In more detail, electricity consumption was 4,986.7 Kwh per inhabitant (+2.4% compared to 2016); total gross electricity generation passed from 47.8 GWh per 10,000 inhabitants in 2016 to 48.9 in 2017 (+2.3%).
In the context of the European strategy for the promotion of sustainable economic growth, the development of renewable sources represents a priority goal for all Member States in order to reduce coal consumption and to fight against climate change. According to the goals set out by the European Council within 2030 energy and climate framework adopted in October 2014, the Eu will have to cover at least 27% of final energy consumption by means of renewable sources (In Italy in 2016 it was 17%).
In the new Eu Council Directive REDII the goal of a share of 32% of the indicator will require from our country a considerable increase of the share of energy produced from renewable sources, with a larger part coming from wind power and photovoltaic energy.
The contribution of renewable sources to cover energy consumption between 2007 and 2014 registered a good performance, the goal set for 2020 having been reached, though not mandatory. In the last three years this process has inverted its trend, and the indicator reached in 2017 a value equal to 31.1%.