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Social protection

An overview

Social protection expenditure to Gdp in 2017 was 29.3%. The trend between 2014 and 2017 showed a decrease of slightly more than half a percentage point. The available expenditure on social services was 48.7% for the old age function and 23.1% for the disease, health function.


Municipalities have the task of granting interventions and social services in favour of citizens, as provided by the framework law on social care (n.328/2000). In 2016 the municipal expenditure for social services accounted for 7 billion and 56 million euros, i.e. 0.42% to the national Gdp and with a per capita increase of 2.3% to 2015. Expenditure for regional welfare to the resident population was 116 euros in 2016 while it was 114 in 2015.

Expenditure on social services (18.8% to Gdp; 5,251 euros per capita) was only partially met by social contribution (14.2% of Gdp) as evidenced by the index of social security coverage, which was below 100. However this indicator recorded an increase to 2015 passing from 73.0% to 75.1%.

The incidence of pensions over Gdp slightly decreased in 2016 to the previous year, therefore the declining trend observed in 2015 was confirmed.

During the school year 2016/2017 the Italian municipalities that provided at least one childcare service, namely nursery, micro-nursery and other social and school services for early childhood were 56.7% of the total.


During the school year 2016/17 public services for early childhood recorded a slight increase, after the decline of the previous years, the percentage of children aged 0-2  received in public or publicly subsidised facilities grew again at 13%.