Infrastructures and transport
At the infrastructural level, the Italian network of motorways was 6,943 km in 2017, substantially stable compared with the number of registered cars.
The railway network accounts for 27.6 km per 100,000 inhabitant, a figure that remained stable in 2017 in relation to population; high-speed rail network accounts for 5.5% of the overall network.
In 2017, road freight transport generated 18.7 million tonne-kilometres of traffic (Tkm) per 10,000 inhabitants, a slight increase compared to 2016.
Air transport from and to national airports continued to register a recovery, thus confirming the positive trend of the previous years.
Cargo loaded and unloaded in cabotage transport showed an increase in 2017, thus increasing for the second year in a row.
The car ownership rate reached 637 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants and it was increasing for the fourth year in a row.
In 2017 the number of deaths in road accidents registered an increase compared to the previous year; after the strong decreasing trend of the last few years, since 2014 this indicator has registered a variable trend.
The majority of students and employed uses some means of transport to travel to their place of study or work. Private means, especially cars, are used most, as confirmed also by 2017 data. Compared to employed, students go more often to school on foot or using collective public transport.