Infrastructures and transport
At the infrastructural level, the Italian network of motorways was 6,943 km in 2015, about 9 percent of the European network, with a slight increase in the last year compared with the number of registered cars.
The railway network accounts for 27.5 km per 100,000 inhabitant, a figure that has shown a slight increase in 2015 in relation to population; high-speed rail network accounts for 5.6 percent of the overall network.
In 2015, road freight transport generated little less than 117 billion tonne-kilometres of traffic (Tkm), -0.8 percent compared with 2014.
Air transport from and to national airports continued to register a recovery, thus confirming the positive trend of the previous year.
In 2014 and 2015 also cargo loaded and unloaded in cabotage transport showed an increase in contrast to the decreasing values registered in the previous two-year period.
The car ownership rate, which showed a decreasing trend in 2013, continued to register a robust increase in 2015 and reached 616 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants.
For the first time since 2001, in 2015 the number of deaths in road accidents showed an increase compared to the previous year. Over the years there had been a strong reduction of mortality due to road accidents, nonetheless this downward trend has slowed down since 2014.
The majority of students and employed uses some means of transport to travel to their place of study or work. Private means of transport, especially cars, are used most. Compared to employed, students go more often to school using collective public transport.