The energy sector plays a decisive role in a nation's sustainable economic development, both with regard to the availability of some of the earths's finite resources and to environmental impact.
In 2016 there was an increase of both energy consumption and of total gross electricity generation for the second year in a row. In more detail, electricity consumption was 4,867.9 Kwh per inhabitant (+ 1.3% compared to 2015); total gross electricity generation passed from 46.6 GWh per 10,000 inhabitants in 2015 to 47.8 in 2016 (+2.5%).
In the context of the European strategy for the promotion of sustainable economic growth, the development of renewable sources represents a priority goal for all Member States. According to the goals set out by the European Council within 2030 energy and climate framework adopted in October 2014, the Eu will have to cover at least 27% of final energy consumption by means of renewable sources.
Considering the electricity sector alone, the Eu Council Directive sets as a goal a share of 26.4% of the indicator calculated as the incidence of total gross domestic electricity generation from renewable sources on gross domestic electricity consumption. This goal has been already achieved by Italy: in 2016, the share of gross domestic electricity consumption covered by renewable energy sources in Italy was 33.1%, a value unchanged compared to the previous year.