In 2016 in Italy the number of enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants in the industrial and service sectors increased and reached 72.4, nonetheless their average size remained stable at about 4 employees.
Micro-enterprises in the service sector are indeed the indisputable leaders in the Italian economy that, similarly to the more advanced economic systems, shows a contraction of industrial activities in favour of more complex, medium-or small-sized organisations.
The vocation and role of entrepreneurs remain strong. The indicator used to measure this situation was nearly 30% in Italy, though still reducing compared to previous years.
As to business demography, characterised by the degree of dynamism of the Italian economy and the endurance of new initiatives on the related market, the gross turnover rate resumed its growht after a pause in the last two years; at the same time, there was a reduction of the five year-survival rate for the fourth year in a row.
The Italian enterprise levels of wage-adjusted labour productivity continued to grow in 2016 for the third year in a row. Italian enterprises produced about 131 euros of added value per employee per every 100 euros of unit cost of labour.
Non-profit institutions represent the most dynamic sector in the Italian production system. In 2016 there were nearly 57 non-profit institutions per 10,000 inhabitants, a figure that has constantly increased in the last 20 census years.