In 2015 in Italy the number of enterprises per 1,000 inhabitants in the industrial and service sectors still decreased and reached 60.2, nonetheless their average size remained stable at about 4 employees.
Micro-enterprises in the service sector are indeed the indisputable leaders in the Italian economy that, similarly to the more advanced economic systems, shows a contraction of industrial activities in favour of more complex, medium-sized organisations. The vocation and role of entrepreneurs remain strong. The indicator used to measure this situation was nearly 30% in Italy, though still reducing compared to previous years.
As to business demography, characterised by the degree of dynamism of the Italian economy and the endurance of new initiatives on the related market, the gross turnover rate resumed its growht after a pause in 2014; at the same time, there was a reduction of the five year-survival rate for the third year in a row.
The Italian enterprise levels of wage-adjusted labour productivity continued to grow in 2015. Italian enterprises produced about 128 euros of added value per employee per every 100 euros of unit cost of labour (+4.0% compared to 2013).The construction sector was still showing the lowest values of wage-adjusted labour productivity.
One of the most frequently used indicators for analysis on Public Institutions is given by the ratio of civil servants and resident population that has slightly decreased between 2011 and 2015. Within Public Institutions the share of the female component occupying top managment positions only reached 14.4%.