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Crime and safety

An overview


In 2017, the long-term downward trend in the number of intentional homicides committed was confirmed; in about one third of the cases, the victim was a woman (34.5%). For these latter, the crime is committed predominantly within the family: in 43.9% of cases the killer is the partner or former partner, in 28.5% another relative.

For male victimes, only 15.8% of homicides were committed within the family, and for a further 9% by persons known to them. In over 32.1% of the cases there was no relationship between the perpetrator and the victim.


The incidence of thefts and robberies also decreased compared to the previous year, while there was a slight increase in the incidence of attempted homicides.


The share of households declaring a perception of crime risk in their area sharply continued to decrease: from 41.1% in 2015 to 28.6% in 2018.


In 2017, prison population increased for the second consecutive year (+5.4% compared to 2016), causing the prison overcrowding rate to rise significantly.


In 2016, criminal proceedings were initiated against 894 persons per 100,000 inhabitants and dismissed for about 1,212 persons per 100,000 inhabitants. The most frequent serious crimes reported for which criminal proceedings were initiated against people aged 18 and over were thefts culpable injuries, violation of drugs legislation, and receiving stolen goods.