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Health

An overview

 

In 2014 household expenditure for health was 2.1 percent of Gdp; Italian households contributed to the total health expenditure for a share of 23.3 percent, a slight increase to the previous year, but a decrease of more than two percentage points to 2001.

Hospital supply reduced also due to the reduced resources and the promotion of an integrated network model of hospital and community welfare services, (in 2002 ordinary bed places were 4.4 out of 1,000 inhabitants, in 2015 they were 3.2).Neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system were the diseases for which an hospital admission wais more often required in 2016. However there was a reduction in time because they were often treated by means of other facilities (day hospital or out-patient care).  

A peak of general mortality was observed in 2015, it affected also the main mortality causes. After years of constant decrease, mortality for diseases of the circulatory system increased, and caused the majority of deaths. Differently from  mortality for neoplasms that was constantly diminishing at national level thanks to primary prevention activities and diagnostic and therapeutic advances. The decrease of theinfant mortality rate, an indicator of the development degree and wellness of a country, had a stop though the value observed in Italy kept among the lowest of Europe.

Among people aged 14 and over the percentage of smokers was 19.8% in 2016, that of alcohol consumers at risk  was 16.3%, while the incidence of obese people was 10.4% of the adult population aged 18 and over.