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Population

An overview


The resident population kept on decreasing in 2016, the negative variation was mainly attributable to the natural dynamics . Migration balance slightly increased, thanks to a growing enrollment from abroad and cancellations to abroad.

Ageing index kept on increasing: at January the 1st 2017 got to 165.3: the rate between old people (65 or more) and the youth (under 15) recorded a new national record. Similarly for the dependency ratio that had a slight increase to 2016 and reached 55.8%.

Life expectancy estimates for 2017 evidenced a stability of the indicator to 2016 for both genders, after the  decrease recorded between 2014 and 2015. The survival gap between women and men decreased to 4.3 years.

Total fertility rate kept stable at the average of 1.34 children per woman (estimate 2017) as it was in 2016; this value is quite below the necessary "turnover threshold" which would grant generational turnover. Also the mean age at childbearing was stable to the previous year.


The increasing trend of marriages grew in 2016 as already recorded in 2015 and the share of marriages celebrated with the civil ryte increased as well. Due to such changes the nuptiality rate grew again to 3.4 marriages per one thousand inhabitants.

In 2016, 99,611 separations and 99,071 divorces were recorded; the sharp increase in divorces is also due to the new law, in force since May 2015, on "quick divorce".