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Population

An overview


On the basis of estimated data, the resident population kept on decreasing in 2018 as it was in the last three years, the decrease was mainly attributable to the natural dynamics. Migration balance increased, thanks to a growing enrollment from abroad and cancellations to abroad during the fourth consecutive year.

Ageing index kept on increasing: at January the 1st 2018 got to 168.9: the rate between old people (65 and over) and the youth (under 15) recorded a new national record. Similarly for the dependency ratio that had a slight increase to 2017 and reached 56.1%.

Life expectancy estimates for 2018 evidenced a stability of the indicator to 2017 for both genders.

Total fertility rate was at the average of 1.32 children per woman in line with 2017; this value is quite below the so-called "turnover threshold" which would ensure generational turnover. Also the mean age at childbearing was stable to the previous year.


After the increasing in the last two years, marriages recorded a new decrease: nuptiality rate decreased to 3.2 marriages per one thousand inhabitants, while the share of marriages celebrated with the civil ryte increased again.

 

In 2017, the number of separations kept stable to the previous year. The number of divorces remained stable after the two years 2015-2016 when they increased due to the enforcement of the new law on "quick divorce".