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Environment

An overview


In 2017 the amount of collected municipal waste was 29.6 million tons, i.e. 524 thousand tons less than in 2016. Percapita production was 488.7 kg (-1.6% to 2016). The landfilled amount was 23.4%, therefore a reduction to 2016. In compliance with the Directive 1999/31/EC, and in order to safeguard environment and human health the amount of landfilled waste should go on decreasing. Separate collection accounted for  55.5% of municipal waste and confirmed the increasing trend of the last years, though the  goal of 65% established for 2012 was still far.

 

Between 1990 and 2016 Italy reduced its greenhouse emissions by 17.5%, passing from 518 million of tons of CO2 equivalent to 428. During the same period in the face of an increasing population by 6.9%, emissions per capita decreased to 22.8%. In 2016 greenhouse emissions decrease again (-1.2%), after a slight increase in 2015.


Air pollution is one of the main environmental problems especially at municipal level. In 2018, 37.8% of households perceived air pollution in the area where they live in, while slightly more than a fifth part of them complained for unpleasant odors.

In 2015 out of the 375 daily litres per inhabitant flowing into the municipal network, 220 litres are supplied.

 

In 2017, bathing areas recorded a slight increase and got to 5,531 in Italy. A share of 89.9% of the bathing areas had an excellent quality.