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Health

An overview


Between 2001 to 2013 household contribution to health expenditure decreased by almost 3 percentage points, while expenditure as a whole increased by a percentage point.
In 2014 current public health expenditure was equal to 6.8% of Gdp (1,817 euros per year per inhabitant).
Hospital supply reduced also due to the promotion of an integrated network model of hospital and community welfare services, within a supply general reorganization.(Between 2002 to 2012 a bed every 1,000 inhabitants was lost).

Interregional hospital mobility counted about 557 thousand in-patient hospital admissions of non resident patients (8.5% of the total ordinary admissions for "acute").
Neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system are the diseases for which an hospital admission is required; However there was a reduction in time because they were often treated by means of other facilities (day hospital or out-patient care).
Mortality for neoplasms was constantly diminishing thanks to primary prevention activities, diagnostic and therapeutic advances which reduced the risk of developing the disease. Even though men presented higher mortality levels than women, the gender gap was decreasing over time. Though mortality for diseases of the circulatory system, typical of adult and old age, was permanently diminishing all over the country, it was the first cause of death, especially for men. Infant mortality rate, an important indicator of the development degree and wellness of a country, was still decreasing getting close the lowest of Europe.

Among people aged 14 and over the percentage of smokers was 19.5%, that of risky alcohol consumers was 15.5%, while the incidence of obese people was 10.2% of the adult population aged 18 and over.