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Education

An overview


Expenditure on education and training allows to evaluate policies implemented for the growth and optimization of human capital. Its incidence on GDP in in 2014 was 4.1 percent; while that of public final consumption expenditure on education was 3.6%.

The education level of the population aged 25-64 makes a good proxy for the knowledge and skills of the population. Over the last years, the education level of the adult population continued to improve, and in the 2004-2016 period the share of people aged 25-64 who have achieved lower secondary education as their highest qualification decresed by over 11 percentage points. In 2014 over half of young people aged 15-24 are involved in higher education courses, although their share decreased over 2013. Even lifelong learning, which is considered to be an important requirement to be integrated into the labour market, in 2016 involved 8.3 percent of people aged 25-64.

Europe Strategy 2020 set some objectives for the population education levels, which our country has partially reached in 2016.

The percentage of early school leavers in 2016 decreased to 13.8 percent, thus surpassing the national target of 16 percent set for 2020. In the same year, 26.2 percent of people aged 30-34 achieved a tertiary qualification, in line with the objective set for Italy, but rather far from the 40 percent set for Europe.

 

Finally, young people aged 15-29 who are not in education, employment or training were over 2,2 million (24.3 percent of the relative population), with a higher incidence among women than men. In 2016, however, the aggregate shows a slight decrease for the second consecutive year.