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Population

An overview


In 2015, the Italian population counted over 60 million resident people, and recorded a negative variation mainly attributable to the natural dynamics and the migration slow down. Migration enrollment from abroad kept stable while cancellations to abroad increased.

Ageing index kept on increasing: at January the 1st 2016, 161.4 persons over 64 per 100 young people under 15 were recorded, a level never reached before. Similarly the dependency ratio had a value of 55.5 %.

Life expectancy estimates for 2016 evidenced a new growth of the indicator for both genders, after the exceptional decrease recorded between 2014 and 2015.

Total fertility rate kept decreasing; according to 2016 estimatesĀ  it set on about 1.34 children per woman (it was 1.35 in 2015). This value is quite below the necessary turnover (about 2.1 children per woman). The mean age at childbearing - 31.7 years in 2016 - was stable to the previous year.


As for marriages celebrated in Italy, they were 194,377 in 2015, about 4,600 more to the previous year. Also the share of marriages celebrated with the civil rate increased, and they were 45.3% of the total. Due to such variations the nuptiality rateĀ  grew again to 3.2 marriages per one thousand inhabitants.

Eventually, as for separations and divorces they were 91,706 and 82,469 respectively; the sharp increase in divorces (+57% to 2014) is due to the new law on "quick divorce".