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Social protection

An overview


Social protection expenditure to Gdp in 2014 was 30.0 percent, a growth of more than one percentage point during the last decade. The available expenditure on social services also for 2015, was 49.0 percent for the old age function and 23.4 percent for disease/health care.

Expenditure on social services supplied by social security funds (19.3 percent of Gdp; 5,154 Euros per capita) was only partially met by social contribution (14.1 percent of Gdp) as evidenced by the index of social security coverage, which was below 100 and has progressively decreased between 2009 and 2013, and just slightly increased during 2014.

The incidence of pensions over Gdp increased, though slightly,  to the previous year confirming the growth trend that has been observed from the beginning of the analysed period.

In 2013, 57.3 percent out of the total Italian municipalities provided at least one childcare service, namely: nursery, micro-nursery and other social and educational services for early childhood. A nursery service was provided by 53.7 percent of municipalities; and 15 percent of them supplied integrated services for early childhood.

 

After some years of moderately fast growth, children benefitting from services either of or financed by the public sector decreased in the 3-year period 2011-2013, and passed from 14.0 percent of potential users in 2010 to 12.9 percent. During the school year 2013/14 about 207 thousand children benefitted from the public services for early childhood, i.e. 3,400 less to the previous school year (-1.6 percent).  92 percent of the users attended nurseries and 8 percent attended home nurseries and other integrative services.