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Health

An overview

 

In 2014 household expenditure for health was 2.1 percent of Gdp; Italian households contributed to the total health expenditure for a share of 23.3 percent, a slight increase to the previous year, but a decrease of more than two percentage points to 2001.

In 2015 current public health expenditure was about 112 billion Euros (1,838 Euros per year per inhabitant), equal to 6.8 percent of Gdp. Hospital supply reduced also due to the promotion of an integrated network model of hospital and community welfare services, (in 2002 ordinary bed places were 4.3 out of 1,000 inhabitants, in 2013 they were 3.2).

Neoplasms and diseases of the circulatory system are the diseases for which an hospital admission is more often required. However there was a reduction in time because they were often treated by means of other facilities (day hospital or out-patient care).
Mortality for neoplasms was constantly diminishing thanks to primary prevention activities and diagnostic and therapeutic advances; though men presented higher mortality levels than women, the gender gap was decreasing over time. Mortality for diseases of the circulatory system, typical of adult and old age, was permanently diminishing all over the country, it was the first cause of death, especially for men.

Infant mortality rate, an important indicator of the development degree and wellness of a country, was still decreasing getting close the lowest rates in Europe.

Among people aged 14 and over the percentage of smokers was 19.6 percent, that of alcohol consumers at risk  was 16.1 percent, while the incidence of obese people was 9.8 percent of the adult population aged 18 and over.